overview

Gay rights activist Craig Rodwell established America’s first gay and lesbian bookstore, named in memory of Oscar Wilde, in a storefront of this apartment building on Mercer Street in 1967.

In 1973, Rodwell moved the store, which also operated as a vital community center, to 15 Christopher Street.

Header Photo

Credit: Amanda Davis/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, 2017.

On the Map

History

Craig Rodwell, an active member of the Mattachine Society of New York, suggested that Mattachine open a bookstore that would also have offices and space for community meetings. When Mattachine rejected this idea, Rodwell decided to do it himself, despite the fact that he had no experience running a bookstore. At the age of 26, Rodwell rented a very public storefront on Mercer Street near Waverly Place. The shop was named after Oscar Wilde, who, Rodwell wrote, was “the first homosexual in modern times to defend publicly the homosexual way of life, is a martyr to what has recently become known as the ‘homophile movement.’”

The shop stocked books and periodicals that dealt with gay and lesbian issues in a positive manner; Rodwell refused to sell pornography. Rodwell saw the bookstore as a community bulletin board, carrying announcements of important activities, as a clearing house for those interested in law reform in New York State, and as a spur to writers who would now have a place to sell their gay-themed work. On his letterhead and on the store window, he called Oscar Wilde “A Bookshop of the Homophile Movement.” He modeled the store after the Christian Science reading rooms he had grown up with, which sought to impart a positive image of the world.

The Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop had its grand opening weekend on November 18-19, 1967. At first, there were only a limited number of publications for sale and he had to spread books out so that the shelves would appear full. His first year was a rough one – vandals broke in three times. But eventually, the shelves were filled with more and more LGBT-related publications. A public presence was crucial to Rodwell’s vision for the store: its front window was adorned with slogans such as “Gay is Good” and “Gay Power.”

“It was the first time in American history that literature had been organized under the subject heading of ‘gay culture.’”
Jim Downs, historian

The Mercer Street store also became the headquarters for the Homophile Youth Movement, where Rodwell often counseled young gay men and women and tried to set a positive example for them, so, as he said, they would “gain a sense of pride and dignity as young homosexuals.” LGBT rights activist Ellen Broidy said she worked at this bookstore location for a period of time.

In 1973, Rodwell decided to open a second store on Christopher Street, close to the center of gay life in New York and also called the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop. He kept the Mercer Street store open for several months, for “sentimental reasons,” but finally closed it in May 1974.

Other Sites in the Neighborhood

55 Bethune Street, Manhattan

Westbeth: Merce Cunningham Dance Company

Performance Venues
135 & 133 West 4th Street, Manhattan

Washington Square United Methodist Church & Parish House

Organization & Community Spaces
154 West 10th Street, Manhattan

Djuna Books

Stores & Businesses