Al Carmines (center) with Rev. Howard Moody and Arlene Carmen, c. 1975. Photographer unknown. Source: Judson Memorial Church.
Al Carmines with Lee Guilliatt during a production of "Joan," 1972. Photo by Friedman-Abels. Courtesy of the New York Public Library, Billy Rose Theatre Division.
“The Faggot: A New Oratorio by Al Carmines” program cover, 1973. Source unknown.
“A Sanctuary for the Arts: Judson Memorial Church and the Avant-Garde 1954-1977” poster, 2010. Source: New York University, Fales Library.
Between 1957 and 1992 under the leadership of the Reverend Howard Moody, Judson Memorial Church on Washington Square had a particularly progressive activist congregation that welcomed all people. Moody’s Associate Minister Al Carmines (here from 1962 to 1981) led Judson in becoming a home to avant-garde arts groups, including the Judson Poets Theater, one of the earliest of the Off-Off-Broadway theater movement, and the Judson Dance Theater. One of the playwrights associated with Judson Poets Theater was María Irene Fornés.
“Al would get on that piano, and it would be magic. That church was sacred. What happened there was magic.”
María Irene Fornés, playwright
Judson was also a site in the 1960s and ’70s for lesbian and gay political gatherings. In 1966, a Greenwich Village protest arose against the Lindsay administration’s “Operation New Broom,” which attempted to “clean up” the Washington Square area by raiding gay bars, restaurants, and bookstores, and by entrapping gay men. Chief Inspector of Police Sanford Garelick attended a community meeting at Judson on March 31, 1966, which was attended by a number of members of the Mattachine Society. Randy Wicker and Craig Rodwell confronted Garelick, who denied that the police had a policy of entrapment. However, an incident that same night at Julius’, and additional negative publicity, later forced the mayor to issue an order ending entrapment.
With the emergence of AIDS in the 1980s, Judson became one of New York’s first compassionate churches, hosting an AIDS support group and conducting many memorial services. It was also one of the first churches to participate under its own banner in the annual Gay Pride March in the early 1970s, and has had several clergy who were openly gay.