In 1966, Cuban-born Max Ferrá (1937-2017) co-founded Asociación de Arte Latinoamericano (ADAL) in New York City with a group of Cuban and Puerto Rican writers and artists. ADAL, which in English translates to Association of Latin-American Art, was one of the city’s earliest visual and performing arts spaces for Latino artists who had little or no opportunities at other theater companies. Today it is known as INTAR (International Arts Relations) Hispanic American Arts Center.
“We realized we wanted more than a 9-to-5 existence here in the United States of America. We wanted to create something on our own.”
From 1966 to 1971, ADAL operated a 74-seat theater in a small loft space at 682 Sixth Avenue, an eight-story building in Chelsea. Productions of Spanish classics and other plays were performed in Spanish and took place on weekends. In July 1971, a rent increase forced the group to move to a tenement and garage at 508 West 53rd Street (demolished), which is when ADAL was renamed INTAR. Its theater is currently located at 500 West 52nd Street.
Under Ferrá, who was the founding artistic director until 2004, the company became a major force in developing and supporting original works by Latino theater artists. After leaving the Sixth Avenue address, INTAR began producing plays in English in response to the growing number of young Latino playwrights who were coming of age in this country. In 1986, Ferrá recalled, “What’s missing in Spanish-language theater is that it is still doing, mostly, the pieces from or about Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and so on of 20 years ago. They are not relevant to the United States. We needed to give voice to Hispanic Americans here.”
Significant LGBT playwrights associated with INTAR include Pulitzer Prize-winner Nilo Cruz; Cherrie Moraga; Manuel Puig; Carmelita Tropicana; Migdalia Cruz; Eduardo Machado, INTAR’s Artistic Director from 2004 to 2010; and Off-Off-Broadway pioneer María Irene Fornés, who led the company’s Hispanic Playwrights in Residence Lab for nearly 14 years.