Opened as the Ritz Theater in 1921 and renamed the Walter Kerr Theater in 1989, this venue has staged multiple productions involving major LGBT performers and creators, including, among others, Claudette Colbert, Alexander Woolcott, Ian McKellen, Tony Kushner, Nathan Lane, Noel Coward, and J.R. Ackerly, whose 1935 drama Prisoners of War featured a gay character.

The Tony Award- and Pulitzer Prize-winning Angels in America, by Tony Kushner, was a highly significant two-part, LGBT-themed play that ran at the Walter Kerr from 1993 to 1994.

Header Photo
Credit: Sarah Sargent/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, 2019.


Ritz Theater
One gay-themed play attempted to open at the Ritz Theater despite the Wales Padlock Law (1927), which forbade the depiction of “sex perversion” on stage. Prisoners of War (1935) was the American premiere of the drama, featuring a gay character, by openly gay English writer and editor J.R. Ackerly. After being rejected by New York reviewers, it played only eight performances. One other play at the Ritz co-written by a gay playwright was First Episode (1934) by Terence Rattigan and Philip Heimann. LGBT performers here included Alfred Lunt in Banco (1922) and Outward Bound (1924); Lynn Fontanne in In Love with Love (1923); Jay Brennan in Hassard Short’s Ritz Revue (1924); Claudette Colbert in A Kiss in a Taxi (1925); Blythe Daly in Two Seconds (1931); Spring Byington in The First Apple (1934, opened at the Booth Theater); Jean Malin in Sisters of the Chorus (1930); Ona Munson in Petticoat Fever (1935); and Jimmie Daniels in Harlem Cavalcade (1942).

From 1943 to 1965, the Ritz Theater was used as a radio, and then a TV, station. It was the location of Broadway commentaries by critic Alexander Woollcott. The theater was renovated in 1971. Ian McKellen appeared here in Ian McKellen: Acting Shakespeare (1984), winner of the Outstanding One Person Show Drama Desk Award. Penn & Teller (1987-88) had scenic design by John Lee Beatty.

Walter Kerr Theater
The theater was renovated again in 1989, and renamed the Walter Kerr Theater. This was the venue for the highly significant two-part, LGBT-themed play Angels in America: Millennium Approaches and Angels in America: Perestroika (1993-94) by Tony KushnerMillennium Approaches received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama; Tony Awards for Best Play, Best Featured Actor in a Play (Stephen Spinella), and Best Direction of a Play (George C. Wolfe); and Drama Desk Awards for Outstanding New Play, Outstanding Director of a Play, and Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play (Spinella and Joe Mantello). Perestroika received Tony Awards for Best Play and Best Featured Actor in a Play (Spinella), and Drama Desk Awards for Outstanding Play and Outstanding Actor in a Play (Spinella). Other performers in the play included David Marshall Grant and Kathleen Chalfant.

Other LGBT-associated productions at the Walter Kerr have included I Hate Hamlet (1991) by Paul Rudnick, with scenic design by Tony StraigesLove! Valour! Compassion! (1995) by Terrence McNally (Best Play Tony Award and Outstanding Play Drama Desk Award), directed by Joe Mantello, and with actors John Glover (Best Featured Actor in a Play Tony Award), Nathan Lane (Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play Drama Desk Award), and John Benjamin HickeyPresent Laughter (revival, 1996-97) and Waiting in the Wings (1999-2000) by Noel Coward, with scenic design by Ray KlausenA Moon for the Misbegotten (revival, 2000), with lighting design by Pat Collins, and with actor Cherry Jones; and Proof (2000-2003), a big hit, with scenic design by John Lee Beatty and lighting design by Pat Collins.

Building Information

  • Architect or Builder: Herbert J. Krapp
  • Year Built: 1921


  1. “The 1st List of: Gay/Lesbian/Bi Industry People, Both in Front and Behind the Camera,” www.imdb.com, May 31, 2013.

  2. Adam Hetrick, “The Work of Broadway’s Gay and Lesbian Artistic Community Goes on Display Nov. 14 When the Leslie/Lohman Gay Art Foundation Gallery Presents ‘StageStruck: The Magic of Theatre Design’,” Playbill, Nov. 14, 2007.

  3. Internet Broadway Database.

  4. Kaier Curtin, “We Can Always Call Them Bulgarians”: the Emergence of Lesbians and Gay Men on the American Stage (Boston: Alyson Publications, 1987).

Curated Themes

43 Sites

Broadway Theater District

Other Sites in the Neighborhood

11 West 53rd Street
Museum of Modern Art
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213 West 42nd Street / 214 West 43rd Street
Lyric Theater
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Bryant Park
Gertrude Stein Monument
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