A proposed Prospect Park development could eliminate important LGBT historic site, advocates say

February 28, 2023
By: Audrey Wachs

(Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)
(Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)

Today the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) discussed a plan to redevelop a secluded section of Prospect Park that’s also a well-known cruising spot for Brooklyn’s LGBT community.

The Prospect Park Alliance wants to build a playground and outbuilding in the Vale of Cashmere, a park-within-a-park about a ten-minute walk south of the park’s main entrance at Grand Army Plaza.

Prospect Park’s original designers envisioned the Vale of Cashmere as a naturalistic park with a pool, gardens with rare plants, and a children’s play area. Since then, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux’s landscape has undergone a few major changes. When McKim, Mead & White redesigned it in the early 1900s, it replaced the pool with a fountain ringed by a granite balustrade and brick walkway. The WPA worked on the site in the 1930s, and 30 years after that, landscape architect Clara Coffey redid the site with a focus on the upper portion of the Vale.

lower Vale in 2019
The Lower Vale in 2019. (Rhododendrites/Wikimedia Commons)

Today, the Vale of Cashmere looks tired and worn out—or charmingly decayed, depending on one’s point of view.

lower Vale existing conditions
Lower Vale existing conditions (Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)

In the Lower Vale, the granite pond edges are chipped and uneven. The remaining granite piers for the now-gone balustrade are cracked. In the spring and summer, the pond looks more like a lawn than a body of water thanks to an overgrowth of plants and low water levels.

upper Vale current conditions
Upper Vale current conditions (Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)

In the Upper Vale, three empty concrete fountains from the 1960s renovation are ringed by grass.

Nevertheless, the Vale of Cashmere is a popular spot for birders, picnickers, runners, and performances. It’s also a well-known cruising spot, particularly for Black queer people.

The Prospect Park Alliance, a nonprofit that stewards the park, proposed a Lower Vale renovation that combines elements of the McKim, Mead & White plans as well as the original Olmstead and Vaux design. Along with area politicians and local organizations, representatives from the preservation groups the Victorian Society New York and the Historic Districts Council (HDC) largely supported the Alliance’s proposal for the Lower Vale.

In response, the LPC’s ten commissioners found the proposal appropriate for the site.

The plan for the Upper Vale was more controversial. The Alliance wants to convert the concrete fountain area into a woodsy children’s play area dotted with boulders and logs, add an arbor along a walkway, and build a covered pavilion with bathrooms and storage facilities over a meadow, among other changes.

A rendering of the proposed arbor.
A rendering of the proposed arbor. (Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)

“We’ve tried to make the site a lot more accessible with this design,” said Svetlana Ragulina, senior landscape architect at the Prospect Park Alliance. “We’ve removed a lot of the steps, so now you can enter the site from multiple locations without steps as obstacles and [walk on] a singular asphalt path.”

Historic preservationists and LPC commissioners almost unanimously hated the design and placement of the pavilion.

“Olmstead would never put a building for these utilitarian purposes at the most visible point of the landscape of this type,” said the Victorian Society New York’s John Graham. “It would be off to the side come on obliquely and almost accidentally a feature in and of the landscape, not a focal point dominating it.”

Echoing Graham, Lucy Levine of HDC noted that the proposal makes the building the center of what is supposed to be an open space.

the proposed children’s play area in the Upper Vale.
The proposed children’s play area in the Upper Vale. (Prospect Park Alliance/LPC)

“[Instead] of treating this part of Prospect Park as an important, beloved landmark, the applicants have approached the veil as if it were a clean slate primed for a new design,” she said. Levine added that the existing arrangement of plantings and water features should remain and be incorporated into the proposed children’s play area.

Other commenters highlighted how the proposed development may threaten the Vale of Cashmere’s role in the queer life of New York City.

“In the 1970s if not earlier, the Vale of Cashmere became an important cruising recreational and social gathering space for the LGBTQ community, particularly for the Black queer community,” said Amanda Davis of NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project. “It is imperative that the Prospect Park Alliance conduct immediate outreach with [communities], so a socially significant LGBTQ landscape is preserved and interpreted, rather than erased from history.” Photographer Thomas Roma produced a book on the Vale of Cashmere’s cruising scene for those interested in its history.

“Today’s applicant is sweeping away 125 years of landscape history and knowledge into the trash under the rationalization that the Veil is underutilized,” preservation activist Theodore Grunewald added. “They are tactically using a combination of stranger danger and gay panic to [reimagine] this natural geological hollow, a secluded quiet and poetic corner—unlike anything in New York—into a busy, activated, kid-safe hub to chase away ‘undesirables’ and ‘blight.’”

In contrast to the objections voiced at today’s hearing, community organizations and local electeds largely supported the Prospect Park Alliance’s plans. The LPC followed suit, with nine commissioners voting in favor of the Upper Vale plan.

While the LPC can approve or reject plans for individual buildings or developments in historic districts, the agency doesn’t have authority in so-called scenic landmarks such as Prospect Park. That task falls to the city’s Public Design Commission (PDC), which has binding jurisdiction and will review the Upper and Lower Vale proposals at a later date. The LPC commissioners’ votes today were only advisory, though the eventual report on the Prospect Park Alliance plans can be used by the PDC and others as it makes its decision.

Read the original story at Architect’s Newspaper here.