overview

This building housed three subsequent Mafia-owned establishments from the 1960s to 1981, starting with the Pompier Restaurant. Tenth of Always operated on the raised ground floor here from around 1968 to 1972 and was where artist Andy Warhol met Candy Darling, a trans woman who would become a Warhol Superstar.

From 1972 to 1981, Elaine Romagnoli operated Bonnie & Clyde, a lesbian nightclub popular with African American women and politically active lesbians, on the lower floor and a restaurant above.

Header Photo
Credit: Christopher D. Brazee/NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project, 2016.

History

Pompier Restaurant, which catered to a “homosexual crowd” during the 1960s, was the main site where Gambino crime family associate Eddie DeCurtis conducted most of his extensive gay bar business. It next became Tenth of Always, an after-hours “juice bar” for teenagers with dancing that operated on the raised ground floor here from 1968 to 1972. It was owned by another Gambino associate, Nicholas DeMartino. Boys were allegedly recruited into prostitution here by the Mafia. This is where Andy Warhol met Candy Darling, a trans woman who was working as a dancing waitress and would later become famous for being a Warhol Superstar. DeMartino and others were arrested in 1971 in connection with their gay bar operations.

It was next owned by Mafioso Louis Corso. In 1972, Elaine Romagnoli took over the lower two floors here, turning the upper level into Bonnie’s Restaurant and the lower level into the lesbian nightclub Bonnie & Clyde. Romagnoli’s 2021 New York Times obituary notes that the nightclub had a pool table and that “The staff was all female, and the tabletops were covered in laminated photos of women.” The State Liquor Authority in 1976 nearly revoked its liquor license for allegedly discriminating against straight men, but it was successfully defended by Corso’s lawyer.

Bonnie & Clyde, which included a disco, was especially popular with African American women.

[Bonnie and Clyde was] a hangout for politically active lesbians as well as a place where women socialized across racial and class lines. Often women would gather here after meetings at the Gay Activists Alliance Firehouse to continue discussions, arguments or strategy sessions begun earlier in the day.

Lost Womyn’s Space, blog, 2012

On the Lost Womyn’s Space blog, actor/writer/producer Peggy Shaw (of the Split Britches theater company and WOW Café Theater fame) reminisced about Bonnie & Clyde in an interview for the Documenting Lesbian Lives Oral History Project at Smith College: “I remember the first lesbian bar I ever went into…I had never seen women dancing together slow before…I had never really seen that kind of really beautiful intense drag of a butch woman and a femme woman. Beautiful. Scary. It scared me. Bonnie and Clyde’s…on 3rd Street in West Village, which was an incredible club.” Bonnie & Clyde closed in 1981.

Entry by Jay Shockley, project director (March 2017; last revised October 2022).

NOTE: Names above in bold indicate LGBT people.

Building Information

  • Architect or Builder: Unknown
  • Year Built: Pre-1851

Sources

  1. Daniel Hurewitz, Stepping Out: Nine Walks Through New York City’s Gay and Lesbian Past (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1997).

  2. Dapper_Don, “Gambino Soldier Allegedly Had Interest In The Stonewall Inn,” Five Families of New York City, September 19, 2009, bit.ly/3eZc2Ku.

  3. “Gambino Soldier Eddie DeCurtis Ran Gay Bars,” Friends of Ours (September 19, 2009), bit.ly/2fRhRWR.

  4. Jay Shockley, “The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Community’s Presence in the South Village,” South Village Historic District Designation Report (New York: Landmarks Preservation Commission, 2013).

  5. Julia Carmel, “Elaine Romagnoli, Longtime Fixture of Lesbian Nightlife, Dies at 79,” The New York Times, November 8, 2021, nyti.ms/30g3ebj.

  6. Lori Zimmer, “Tenth of Always with Andy Warhol and Candy Darling,” Art Nerd New York (December 15, 2014), bit.ly/2gLdaSh.

  7. “Lost Womyn’s Space: Bonnie & Clyde’s,” Lost Womyn’s Space blog (January 3, 2012), bit.ly/2fDTpdS. [source of pull quote]

  8. Philip Crawford, Jr., “Elaine Romagnoli Apparently Was Not the Owner of New York City Lesbian Bar Bonnie and Clyde,” Goodreads, March 25, 2022, bit.ly/3F8ihGE.

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Bars & Nightlife

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