Henry Gerber in an undated photo. Source: Washington Blade.
The Society for Human Rights, founded in 1924 by the Bavarian-born Henry Gerber (né Josef Henry Dittmar; 1892-1972) while living in Chicago, was the first American LGBT rights organization. Gerber had been an American soldier occupying Germany from 1920 to 1923 following World War I, and had come in contact with the “homophile” rights movement there.
Within a year of its creation, the Society for Human Rights disbanded due to Gerber’s arrest after publication of the Society’s second newsletter, and although he was acquitted, he lost his post office job. Gerber moved to New York several years later, re-enlisted in the Army, and was posted at Fort Jay on Governors Island, where he continued to write essays on homosexuality for a number of publications. While here, he was subject to harassment, including beatings and blackmail, because he was gay. He spent several weeks held in the guardhouse at Castle Williams in 1942, even though no evidence of illegal behavior was found.
Gerber was honorably discharged in 1945, and he continued the fight for gay rights for the rest of his life.